Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/ar-2024-15
https://doi.org/10.5194/ar-2024-15
05 Jun 2024
 | 05 Jun 2024
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal AR.

New Particle Formation dynamics in the central Andes: Contrasting urban and mountain-top environments

Diego Aliaga, Victoria A. Sinclair, Radovan Krejci, Marcos Andrade, Paulo Artaxo, Luis Blacutt, Runlong Cai, Samara Carbone, Yvette Gramlich, Liine Heikkinen, Dominic Heslin-Rees, Wei Huang, Veli-Matti Kerminen, Alkuin Maximilian Koenig, Markku Kulmala, Paolo Laj, Valeria Mardoñez-Balderrama, Claudia Mohr, Isabel Moreno, Pauli Paasonen, Wiebke Scholz, Karine Sellegri, Laura Ticona, Gaëlle Uzu, Fernando Velarde, Alfred Wiedensohler, Doug Worsnop, Cheng Wu, Chen Xuemeng, Qiaozhi Zha, and Federico Bianchi

Abstract. In this study, we investigate atmospheric new particle formation (NPF) across 65 days in the Bolivian Central Andes at two locations: the mountain-top Chacaltaya station (CHC, 5.2 km above sea level) and an urban site in El Alto-La Paz (EAC), 19 km apart and at 1.1 km lower altitude. We categorize days into four groups based on NPF intensity, determined with the daily maximum concentration of 4–7 nm particles: (A) high at both sites, (B) medium at both, (C) high at EAC but low at CHC, (D) and low at both. This categorization was premised on the assumption that similar NPF intensities imply similar atmospheric processes. Our findings show significant differences across the categories in terms of particle size and volume, precursor gases, aerosol compositions, pollution levels, meteorological conditions, and air mass origins. Specifically, intense NPF events (A) increased Aitken-mode particle concentrations (14–100 nm) significantly on 28 % of the days when air masses passed over the Altiplano. At CHC, larger Aitken-mode particle concentrations (40–100 nm) increased from 1.1×103 cm-3 (background) to 6.2×103 cm-3 very likely linked to the ongoing NPF process. High pollution levels from urban emissions on 24 % of the days (B) were found to interrupt particle growth at CHC and diminish nucleation at EAC. Meanwhile, on 14 % of the days, high concentrations of sulphate and large particle volumes (C) were observed, correlating with significant influences from air masses originating from the actively degassing Sabancaya Volcano and a depletion of positive 2–4 nm ions at CHC. During these days, reduced NPF intensity was observed at CHC but not at EAC. The study highlights the role of NPF in modifying atmospheric particles and underscores the varying impacts of urban versus mountain-top environments on particle formation processes in the Andean region.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Diego Aliaga, Victoria A. Sinclair, Radovan Krejci, Marcos Andrade, Paulo Artaxo, Luis Blacutt, Runlong Cai, Samara Carbone, Yvette Gramlich, Liine Heikkinen, Dominic Heslin-Rees, Wei Huang, Veli-Matti Kerminen, Alkuin Maximilian Koenig, Markku Kulmala, Paolo Laj, Valeria Mardoñez-Balderrama, Claudia Mohr, Isabel Moreno, Pauli Paasonen, Wiebke Scholz, Karine Sellegri, Laura Ticona, Gaëlle Uzu, Fernando Velarde, Alfred Wiedensohler, Doug Worsnop, Cheng Wu, Chen Xuemeng, Qiaozhi Zha, and Federico Bianchi

Status: open (until 19 Jul 2024)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on ar-2024-15', Anonymous Referee #1, 27 Jun 2024 reply
Diego Aliaga, Victoria A. Sinclair, Radovan Krejci, Marcos Andrade, Paulo Artaxo, Luis Blacutt, Runlong Cai, Samara Carbone, Yvette Gramlich, Liine Heikkinen, Dominic Heslin-Rees, Wei Huang, Veli-Matti Kerminen, Alkuin Maximilian Koenig, Markku Kulmala, Paolo Laj, Valeria Mardoñez-Balderrama, Claudia Mohr, Isabel Moreno, Pauli Paasonen, Wiebke Scholz, Karine Sellegri, Laura Ticona, Gaëlle Uzu, Fernando Velarde, Alfred Wiedensohler, Doug Worsnop, Cheng Wu, Chen Xuemeng, Qiaozhi Zha, and Federico Bianchi
Diego Aliaga, Victoria A. Sinclair, Radovan Krejci, Marcos Andrade, Paulo Artaxo, Luis Blacutt, Runlong Cai, Samara Carbone, Yvette Gramlich, Liine Heikkinen, Dominic Heslin-Rees, Wei Huang, Veli-Matti Kerminen, Alkuin Maximilian Koenig, Markku Kulmala, Paolo Laj, Valeria Mardoñez-Balderrama, Claudia Mohr, Isabel Moreno, Pauli Paasonen, Wiebke Scholz, Karine Sellegri, Laura Ticona, Gaëlle Uzu, Fernando Velarde, Alfred Wiedensohler, Doug Worsnop, Cheng Wu, Chen Xuemeng, Qiaozhi Zha, and Federico Bianchi

Viewed

Total article views: 227 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
162 55 10 227 23 6 6
  • HTML: 162
  • PDF: 55
  • XML: 10
  • Total: 227
  • Supplement: 23
  • BibTeX: 6
  • EndNote: 6
Views and downloads (calculated since 05 Jun 2024)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 05 Jun 2024)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 272 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 272 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 18 Jul 2024
Download
Short summary
This study examines new particle formation (NPF) in the Bolivian Andes at Chacaltaya mountain (CHC) and the urban El Alto-La Paz area (EAC). Days are clustered into four categories based on NPF intensity. Differences in particle size, precursor gases, and pollution levels are found. High NPF intensities increased Aitken mode particle concentrations at both sites, while volcanic influence selectively diminished NPF intensity at CHC but not EAC. This study highlights NPF dynamics in the Andes.
Altmetrics